Bosnia-Herzegovina’s future is in question as the Serb leader within the country’s tripartite presidency pushes to withdraw the Republika Srpska entity from the country’s army and key political institutions.

People across Bosnia-Herzegovina – comprised of a Bosniak-Croat Federation and the Serb-run Republika Srpska – are waiting to see if Republika Srpska’s parliament will examine Dodik’s proposals for the enclave to be run by Serb-only institutions.

Dodik’s announcement in October that Republika Srpska may quit Bosnia’s armed forces, judiciary body and tax authority marked a significant escalation in tensions between Serb leaders and their Bosniak and Croat counterparts. His stated aim to eventually set up a separate Serb army is already worrying Bosniak communities in Republika Srpska.

The High Commissioner for Bosnia Christian Schmidt says that Dodik’s separatist plans risk destroying the 1995 Dayton Agreement that brought an end to a three-year international war between Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks, in which more than 100,000 people were killed. Schmidt warns of renewed conflict if the accord fails.

In this episode of The Stream we’ll look at what Dodik’s proposals and the ensuing political crisis mean for Bosnia-Herzegovina’s future.

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